CetA`s main objective is to make trade with Canada simpler and cheaper, as follows: the Netherlands is the largest importer of Canadian products in the EU, after the United Kingdom and Italy. Canada`s main exports to the Netherlands were mineral ore, mineral fuels and oils, nickel, oleations and aluminum. Canada`s main imports from the Netherlands were mainly mineral fuels and oils, machinery, beverages, pharmaceuticals and electrical machinery and equipment. Canada`s two-way services trade with the Netherlands was close to $2.7 billion in 2013. Services exports were $963 million (12th in the world), while services imports were $1.7 billion (9th largest in the world). The Netherlands is a trade-oriented economy and is often referred to as the “gateway to Europe”, with a huge transport logistics infrastructure built around the port of Rotterdam (the largest in Europe) and Schiphol Airport in Amsterdam. Rotterdam handles more than 25% of Canada`s exports to Europe, while Schiphol Airport operates daily and direct flights from Canada with KLM, Air Transat, Air Canada, Jet Airways and Sunwing. With the expansion of global trade, investment and technology in recent decades, international investment is the largest foreign investor in the Netherlands for the United States, and our bilateral trade surplus ($24.7 billion in 2018) with the Netherlands is higher than any other country with which the United States has a net worth. Canada`s 10th is the Netherlands` tenth largest trading partner outside the EU. It describes the bilateral and multilateral trade agreements to which that country belongs, including with the United States. Includes websites and other resources that allow U.S.
companies to get more information about how they can use these agreements. Foreign trade in goods and services accounts for more than 80% of The Dutch GDP. UNCTAD`s Work Programme on International Investment Agreements (IAA) actively supports policy makers, government officials and other IIA stakeholders in the IIA reform to make them more conducive to sustainable development and inclusive growth. International investment rules are established at bilateral, regional, inter-regional and multilateral levels. It requires policy makers, negotiators, civil society and other stakeholders to be well informed about foreign direct investment, international investment agreements (AI) and their effects on sustainable development. Key objectives of UNCTAD`s IIA work programme – Reform of the International Investment Agreements (IIA) regime to improve the dimension of sustainable development; A comprehensive analysis of key issues arising from the complexity of the international investment regime; Development of a wide range of instruments to support the development of a more balanced international investment policy. The IIA browser is constantly adapted by reviewing and commenting from UN member states. It is based mainly on information provided by governments on a voluntary basis. A contract is entered into a country`s IGE census after its formal conclusion; Contracts that have been negotiated but have not been signed are not counted.
A contract is excluded from the IGE census as soon as its termination comes into force, whether or not it may continue to have legal effects on certain investments during its “survival” period (“sunset”). If the contract is replaced, only one of the contracts between the same parties is accounted for. Depending on the situation, the contract counted may be “old” if it remains in force until the newly concluded AI is ratified.