From 30 November to 11 December 2015, France hosted representatives from 196 countries at the end of the Un Climate Change Conference (UN), one of the largest and most ambitious global meetings ever held. The goal was nothing less than a binding and universal agreement to limit greenhouse gas emissions to levels that would prevent global temperatures from rising more than 2oC above the lower temperature levels set before the start of the industrial revolution. The Paris Agreement (the Paris Agreement)  is an agreement within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that deals with the reduction, adaptation and financing of greenhouse gas emissions and was signed in 2016. The language of the agreement was negotiated by representatives of 196 States Parties at the 21st UNFCCC Conference of parties held at Le Bourget, near Paris, France, and agreed on 12 December 2015.   Since February 2020, all 196 UNFCCC members have signed the agreement and 189 have left.  Of the seven countries that are not parties to the law, Iran and Turkey are the only major emitters. Second, driver/barrier extracts are not always as safe. Some drivers/barriers were communicated as actual or current drivers/barriers, while others were reported as hypothetical, leaving open the question of whether they would happen. We coded for this difference (see parentheses in the “Number” columns in Table 4) and found that drivers are more often presented as hypothetical, with 46% of drivers considered hypothetical, compared to only 24% of barriers. This reflects the fact that the factors that fuel the effectiveness of the Palestinian Authority have not yet been fully implemented and that the measures implemented do not yet have consequences that can be assessed. On the other hand, these factors that hinder the effectiveness of the Palestinian Authority are most often presented as real obstacles to efficiency. Therefore, it appears that the evidence of the obstacles facing the Palestinian Authority to be effective is stronger than evidence that the Palestinian Authority is able to overcome these obstacles. The second part of our analysis is based on an assessment of drivers, barriers and recommendations.
In other words, we are looking for the main arguments put forward in the literature, why or why not, the Paris Agreement will be effective in achieving its objectives. Table 2 defines overall what we mean among drivers, barriers and recommendations.